Attached are some numbers and graphs that will help you make sense of the data. Keep in mind, these numbers are estimates; they may change once they’re able to confirm or deny them. Coffee consumption trends over time. The first graph shows how much coffee is being wasted each year. As the date changes each year, the figure changes too. The last two years have seen an unprecedented growth in coffee consumption — and we’re not even at the peak of the global craze yet! In 2015, world average coffee consumption increased by about 11 billion cups, a rise of more than 5 billion cups in just three years! What’s happening? Well, as with other industries, there has been a noticeable acceleration in the growing of coffee due to its high acidity (roughly 25-35% compared to water). In fact, from 2014-16, global coffee demand grew by almost 400 million cups — and this was before we knew what ‘craze’ really meant (reality check: no one knows if it’s a fad or not). Nowhere is this factor greater than for exports. In 2016 alone, China experienced a growth in its exports of around 8 billion yuan (roughly $1.2 billion) while India saw an increase of 459 million yuan. This means that across all five largest coffee producing nations (China, Brazil, Mexico, Indonesia and Colombia), countries collectively exported more than 2 trillion
China’s exports of coffee shot up in 2016
As can be seen from the first graph above, the popularity of coffee in China grew more than anywhere else in the world. In fact, in just three years, from 2014-16, coffee consumption in China grew by more than six times! This is probably a result of people starting to drink coffee at home. The country was also one of the first to start worrying about the environmental impact of its growing industry. As soon as coffee was able to be grown both in rainforest and field conditions, the world’s leaders are already turning their attention towards sustainable practices.
India’s exports rose by more than 439 million cups
These figures are even more striking. In just two years (2014-16), India’s coffee exports grew by more than four times — or by more than one and a half times the growth rate seen in other emerging markets (such as Brazil). This is because coffee was legal in the country from 1997 and became widely available in 2014. It was also the first international beverage to be certified as ‘healthful’ in November 2014. And then, in October of this year, the country became the first country in the world to legalise e-commerce.
Colombia’s exports rose by more than 975,000 drums
The next country to experience a massive growth was Colombia. In just three years, from 2014-16, the coffee production from the country grew by more than 100,000 drums. That’s a rapid increase of more than 50%. What’s fascinating about this figure is that it is not just the consumption of coffee that is increasing, but also its value as a business source. In just three years, from 2014-16, the price of coffee in Colombia skyrocketed by more than 4000%. This means that not only is the country’s revenue growing, but its value as a business asset as well.
Mexico’s exports hit a new high with an increase of 2,606,000
One of the things that sets Mexico apart from other countries is its strong industrial sector — which provides a large portion of the country’s GDP. In fact, from 2014-16, Mexico’s industrial sector grew by more than threefold. This is thanks to the oil and gas industry that is both a primary and secondary source of revenue for the country.
The top five coffee producing nations
The top five coffee producing nations are all from South America. South America is home to some of the most diverse and biologically diverse regions in the world. These regions are home to some of the world’s most amazing tropical forests and macaques — which can be found only in the forest jungles of South America. These are the five most productive regions in the world: – Tropical forests – Amazon rainforest – Andean mountains – Andean highlands – Amazon rainforest – Central mountains
The average coffee drinker can probably guess which countries are experiencing the most growth in coffee consumption — and which are experiencing the slowest growth. This is the third article in a series on the growing coffee industry. The first two articles focused on the variations in coffee consumption among people around the world and the world’s growing coffee culture. The third article looks at the factors that are increasing coffee’s popularity in emerging markets and in some developed countries.